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REPORTED SPEECH WITH INFINITIVE AND GERUND

Thứ sáu - 25/01/2013 22:19
REPORTED SPEECH WITH INFINITIVE AND GERUND
 
Bảng đổi các đại từ chỉ thị, phó từ chỉ địa điểm và thời gian
Now Then
Today That day
Tonight That night
Yesterday
Tomorrow
the previous day/ the day before
the following day/ the day after
Last + Time
Next + Time
EX: last summer
next week
The previous time/ the time before
The following + time/ The + time +after
à the previous summer/ the summer before
à the following week/ the week after
This That
These Those
Here There
 
Bảng các đại từ nhân xưng/tân ngữ/tính từ sở hữu
S O POSSESSIVE ADJ
I me my
YOU you you
WE us our
THEY them their
HE him his
SHE her her
IT it its
 
PRACTICE
 
Exercise 1. Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech with infinitives.
  1. “Remember to write to me soon,”  she said to me.
She reminded ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. “You’d better  spend more time learning to write,” I said to the boy.
I advised ...........................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Would you like to have dinner with us tonight?” Mike said to Linda.
Mike invited .....................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Please, please turn off the T.V, John,” said Tom.
Tom begged .....................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Don’t lean your bicycles against my windows, boys,” said the shopkeeper.
The shopkeeper warned ...................................................................................................................................
  1. “Open the safe,” the robber said to the bank clerk.
The robber ordered ...........................................................................................................................................
  1. “Leave this space clean, David,” she said.
She told ............................................................................................................................................................
  1.  “Shall I open the window for you, Edna?” he said.
He offered ........................................................................................................................................................
  1. “I’ll wait for you. I promise,” he said to me.
He promised .....................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Would you like to come with me?” John said to Mary.
John invited ......................................................................................................................................................
  1.  “Don’t forget to take the holiday,” Mark said to me.
Mark reminded me ...........................................................................................................................................
  1. “You should take a holiday,” Jane said to David.
Jane advised .....................................................................................................................................................
  1.  “I thought you took a holiday last summer,” Tom said to Sophia.
John expected Sophia .......................................................................................................................................
  1. “Taking a holiday would be a good idea,” George said.
George proposed  .............................................................................................................................................
  1. “ You really must take a holiday, Linda,” Jim said.
Jim told .............................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Don’t touch that switch, Peter,” I said.
I warned ...........................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Read  this document before you sign it,” he said to her.
He advised ........................................................................................................................................................
  1.  “Will you help me, please?” she said to me.
She asked .........................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Please do as I say,” he said to me.
He begged ........................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Don’t forget to prune the roses,” my aunt said to Alfred.
My aunt reminded ............................................................................................................................................
  1. “Would you like  me to help you with the cooking, Tom?” Laura said.
Laura offered ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. “If you don’t pay the ransom, we’ll kill your son,” the kidnappers said to them.
The kidnappers threatened ...............................................................................................................................
  1. “I won’t answer any questions,” Paul said
Paul agreed .......................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Would you like to go camping with us next weekend?” Andrew said to Cindy.
Andrew  invited ................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Don’t forget to join in the contest tomorrow morning, Robin,” Jessica said.
Jessica reminded ..............................................................................................................................................
  1. “Would you like me to clean the room for you, Alvin?” she said.
She offered .......................................................................................................................................................
  1. “If I were you, I would join the voluntary team tomorrow, Tom,” said Eve.
Eve advised ......................................................................................................................................................
  1. “Flora, can you remember to buy some bread?” said Raymond.                                                                                
Raymond reminded ..........................................................................................………………………………
  1. “ I really think you should see a doctor, Lucia, ” said Thomas.
Thomas advised ..........................................................................................………………………………….
  1. “No, I’m sorry, I won’t work on Saturday,” said Victoria                                                              
Victoria refused ..........................................................................................………………………………..…
  1. “ If you like, I’ll help you do the decorating, Carol,” said Charles                                                                       
Charles offered ............................................................................................……………………………….…
  1. Louis said, “Yes, all right, I’ll share the bill with you, Lisa”                                                                             
Louis agreed ..............................................................................................………………………………...…
  1. “Carol, speaking English,” he said                                                                                                        
He told ................................................................................................………………………………..........…
  1. “Fill in the form, sir” the receptionist said to the guest.                                                                  
The receptionist asked .....................................................................................……………………………….
  1.  “Mind your own business,” Ethel told me.                                                                                  
Ethel told ................................................................................................………………………………..........
  1. “Don’t repair the computer yourself,” she said to him.                                                                  
She warned ................................................................................................……………………………….…..
  1. “Don’t give yourself up” he told his girlfriend.                                                                              
He advised ................................................................................................………………………………..…..
  1. “Don’t go out without me,” Harry told Sally.                                                                          
Harry begged ................................................................................................…………………………………
  1. Allen said, “I’d like you to visit my house, Jack”                                                                                    
Allen wanted ................................................................................................…………………………………
  1. “Don’t forget to post the letter for me when you go out,” my wife said to me.                                       
My wife reminded ................................………………………………………………………………………
  1. “Could you possibly speak more slowly, please?” the student said to the teacher.                      
The student asked ……………………………………………………………………….................................
  1. “Guard, take him to the prison,” said the king.                                                                              
The king ordered ...……………………………………………………….......................................................
  1. “Can you trans     late this sentence into English           for me?” Maria said to Mark.                         
Maria asked ...………………………………………………………………...................................................
  1. “Don’t forget to send your uncle a birthday card tomorrow,” Mary said to her son.                                      
Mary reminded ...…………………………………………………………......................................................
  1.  “Please come to our wedding,” John said to his boss.                                                                      
John invited ……………………………………………..................................................................................
  1. “I’ll pay for the next round,” Bobby said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bobby agreed ………………...……………....................................................................................................
  2. “Don’t run around the edge of the swimming pool or you’ll fall in,” Susan said to her children. 
Susan warned ………………………………………………………...............................................................
  1. “I won’t go to bed,” Ron said.                                                                                                    
Ron refused ………………………………………………..............................................................................
  1. “You should talk to your advisor,” Bill said to Linda.                                                                                                                                                  Bill advised ……………...………………………….......................................................................................
  2.  “Take that chewing gum out of your mouth immediately!” the teacher said to Tom.                                            
The teacher ordered ………………………………………………………………..........................................
  1. “ I will bring the sandwiches to the party,” said Helen.
Helen offered ...................................................................................................................................................
52. “Come to the cinema with me tonight,” he said to her.
He invited ……...………………………………………..................................................................................
53.   The teacher said to us , “Do all your homework before you go to class”
The teacher told ..………………………………………..................................................................................
54.   Mary said to Tom, “Send me a postcard when you come to Paris, please”
Mary asked .......................................................................................................................................................
55.  He said to me, “Don’t believe everything you hear”
He advised ..……………...………………………….......................................................................................
56.   James said to her boyfriend, “Come with me tonight. I’m feeling very lonely”
James begged .…………...………………………….......................................................................................
  57. “Follow this car,” the detective said to the taxi-driver.
The detective ordered .......................................................................................................................................
  58. “Go on, send your short story to magazine,” Adam said to Alice
Adam encouraged ............................................................................................................................................
  59. The teacher said to Jim, “Would you give your book to Mary, please?”
The teacher asked .............................................................................................................................................
  60. “Ok. I will not change the date of the meeting,” Mary said
Mary promised .................................................................................................................................................
 
 
 
Exercise 2. Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech with Gerund
  1. “Why don’t we organize an English competition for our student?” said Ms Lien.
Ms Lien suggested ……………………………………………………….......................................................
  1. “I’m sorry I’m late,’ said Mr Thanh.
Mr Thanh apologized ...………………………………………………............................................................
  1. “Me? No, I didn’t take Sue’s calculator,” Said Bob.
Bob denied ………………………………………………………...................................................................
  1. “You took my pencil,” said David to Henry.
David accused ………………………………………………………..............................................................
  1. “I  must see the manager,” he cried.
He insisted ………………………………………………………....................................................................
  1. “If you wanted to take my bike, you should have asked me first,” said Mike to his brother.
Mike criticized ……………………………………………………….............................................................
  1. “ You won the scholarship. Congratulation!” Mary told me.
Mary congratulated .………………………………………………….............................................................
  1. “It was kind of you to help me with my homework,” Lan said to Hoa.
Lan thanked ………………………………………………………..................................................................
  1.  “Turn off the computer. You are not allowed to play game now,” Dick’s mother said to him.
Dick’s mother  prevented ...………………………………………..................................................................
  1. “I’m sorry that I broke the glass,” said Peter.
Peter apologized ……………………………………………………….........................................................
  1.  “Let’s invite Mr. Brown to the party next weekend,” he said.
He suggested ………………………………………………………................................................................
  1. “You stole the jewels,” the inspector said to him.
The inspector accused .......……………………………………………….......................................................
  1. “I only borrowed your  car for some hours,” the man said.
The man admitted ………………………………………………………........................................................
  1. “I’m sorry I damaged your tape recorder, Mike,” said Bob.
Bob apologized ………………………………………………………............................................................
15. “It’s nice of you to invite me to lunch,” Bob said to John.
Bob thanked ……………………………………………………….................................................................
16. Carol said, “What about going to the cinema this weekend, Max ?”
Carol suggested ………………………………………………………............................................................
17. “I’m sorry I forgot your birthday,” Dave said Julia.
Dave apologized ………………………………………………………...........................................................
     18. “Why didn’t you tell me the truth?” he said to me.
He accused ………………………………………………………...................................................................
     19. “Don’t go near that deserted house,” Tony said to Monica.
Tony warned ……………...……………………………………….................................................................
      20. “I’m sorry. I broke the vase,” my son said.
My son admitted ………………………………………………………..........................................................
      21. “You cheated in the exam,” the teacher said to Jack.
The teacher accused ……………………………………………………….....................................................
      22. “Great! You are well-dressed today, Mary,” Tommy said.
Tommy complimented ……………………………………………………….................................................
      23. “You have just got a promotion, haven’t you? Congratulation!” Peter said to her friend.
Peter congratulated ………………………………………………………......................................................
      24. “You mustn’t get into this area,” the policeman said to them.
The policeman stopped ………………………………………………………................................................
25. “I know I’m wrong,” he said.
He admitted ………………………………………………………..................................................................
26. “I didn’t say that last night,” Joan said.
Joan denied ……..………………………………………………....................................................................
27. “If only I had told him the true!” Jane said.
Jane regrets ………………………………………………………...................................................................
28. “I haven’t finished the assignment yet. I’m really sorry”.
The boy apologized .……………………………………………………….....................................................
29. “It’s you who took my bag,” the man said to the boy.
The man accused ………………………………………………………..........................................................
30. “No, no .I really must sit for the test,” Hilary said.
Hilary insisted  …....………………………………………………….............................................................
31. “What I always want is to become a doctor,” she said.
She dreamt ………………………………………………………...................................................................
32. “I can’t let you use the mobile phone,” his mother said to him.
His mother prevented ………………………………………………………...................................................
33. “I like this car. I’ll buy it,” Christina said.
Christina thought ………….....…………………………………………….....................................................
34. “I feel like going to America next month,” Margaret said.
Margaret looked forward to …………...……………………………………..................................................
35. “It was your fault. You didn’t tell me,” she told me 
She blamed ………………………………………………………...................................................................
36. “I don’t think that we must widen the village road”, he said
He objected ……………………..…………………………………………………………………………....
37. “You are so selfish to behave like this,” my mother said to him.
My mother criticized ........................................................................................................................................
38. "I wish to speak English very fluently,” said Stella.
Stella dreamt ....................................................................................................................................................
39. “I must go home now,” said Daisy
Daisy  insisted ..................................................................................................................................................
40."Sorry teacher, I didn't do the homework," Philip said to his teacher.
Philip apologized to ..........................................................................................................................................
41. “You didn’t pay attention to what I said,” the teacher said to him
The teacher accused .........................................................................................................................................
42. “I hear you passed your exams. Congratulations!” Mark said to us.
Mark congratulated ..........................................................................................................................................
43. “It was nice of you to visit me. Thank you,” Miss White said to Jack.
Miss White thanked .........................................................................................................................................
44. “I’ve always wanted to be rich” Bob said.
Bob dreamed ....................................................................................................................................................
45. “Why don’t we go to the beach tonight for a change?” said Henry.
Henry suggested ...............................................................................................................................................
46. “You failed to save my husband’s life,” she said to the doctors.
She blamed .......................................................................................................................................................
47. “Let me pay for the meal,” said Ben.
Ben insisted ......................................................................................................................................................
48. “Yes. I’ve spent too much money doing the shopping,” she said.
She admitted .....................................................................................................................................................
49. “Well done, Tom. You won the game,” said the teacher.
The teacher congratulated ................................................................................................................................
50. “Beware of this bad road! It’s very dangerous to drive on it!” He said to us.
He warned ........................................................................................................................................................
51. “I didn’t tell the teacher your mistake,” Joseph said to Martin.
Joseph denied ...................................................................................................................................................
52. “You got me into trouble with this man,” Kevin said to Elizabeth.
Kevin blamed ...................................................................................................................................................
53. “You lied to me, Julia,” Max said.
Max accused .....................................................................................................................................................
54. “Forgive me. I didn’t mean to make you angry, Sarah,” Lewis said.
Lewis apologized ...........................................................................................................................................
55. “We must be given every detail of this case,” they said.
They insisted ....................................................................................................................................................
56. “I’m afraid I’ve lost your letter, ” Michael said to Barbara.
Michael admitted .............................................................................................................................................
57. “Don’t drink this water because it is very polluted, ” Mitchell said to us.
Mitchell warned ...............................................................................................................................................
58. “Why don’t we go sailing this weekend?” Samuel said.
Samuel suggested .............................................................................................................................................
59. “It’s not true. I didn’t sell this information, ” Stephen said.
Stephen denied .................................................................................................................................................
60. “I’m sorry that I was rude to you  yesterday, Helen,” said Robert.
Robert apologized to ........................................................................................................................................
 
 
Exercise 3. Turn into reported speech, using the verbs in brackets.
  1. He said to her, “Come to the party. You’ll enjoy it” (persuade)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. He said to me, “I’ll lend you some money if you like” (offer)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. He said to us, “Why don’t you have a holiday in my country cottage?” (invite)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “All right. I’ll help you,” Tom said to Joe. (agree)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Whatever you do, don’t walk on the grass” the safeguard said to the tourists. (warn)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “You must pay for the damage you’ve done,” she said. (make)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “I haven’t done anything wrong,” Tom said. (deny)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “No, I won’t talk to the lawyer,” Tom said. (refuse)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Yes, I did drive too fast through the town,” she said. (admit)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “You damage my sweater, Tom,” said Ben. (accuse)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Stop speeding or you will get a ticket,” said the traffic warden to the driver. (warn)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Please do go to the movies with me tonight,” said Aunt Fancy. (persuade)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Why don’t we work and keep ourselves from starving?” said Mike. (suggest)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Go on holiday when the weather gets warmer,” she told him. (advise)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Keep out of this room at all time,” she said to them. (warn)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Remember to post those letters,” he said to me. (remind)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “If you can’t find anyone else,I’ll drive you you to the airport,” he said to me. (volunteer)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “If you don’t give me a pay rise, I’ll resign,” he said to me.(threaten)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “It certainly wasn’t me who took  your car!” said Bob. (deny)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Shall we go to Paris for the weekend?” Mary said to me. (suggest)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “I saw Megan in town,” he said. (mention)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Be careful of malefactors and don’t go out at night alone” (warn)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Nam, you shouldn’t spend so much money on gambling” (advise)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Would you like to have lunch with me today” (invite)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Why don’t you open a bank account” (encourage)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Remember to book a table in advance” (remind)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Fasten your seat belts” (tell)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “I’ll offer you some more wine tomorrow” (promise)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Ok, I’ll carry some of these parcels for you” (offer)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  1. “Could you possibly give me a lift to the next village” (ask)
@ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
 

Tác giả bài viết: Thu Hồng (st)

Tổng số điểm của bài viết là: 16 trong 4 đánh giá
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Từ khóa: reported speech, with

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